This course introduces students to key concepts of pathophysiology and disease. Students who have successfully completed this course will have gained a sound understanding of how the human body operates in healthy and chronically perturbed states (disease).


BIOL 113 or HKIN 275 or BIOL 111 with a minimum grade of C-

Course Notes

BIOL 240 is an approved Science course.

Course Outlines

Effective Term
 Spring 2018 onwards